Knee & Hip Replacement Surgeries, Joint Surgery
Knee replacement, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that involves replacing damaged or worn out parts of the knee joint with artificial components. This procedure is typically performed on individuals who suffer from severe knee pain and stiffness, as well as reduced mobility due to conditions such as arthritis, injury, or other degenerative joint diseases.
Knee replacement surgery is a safe and effective option for many patients, offering a long-lasting solution to knee pain and other mobility issues. In this article, we will discuss what knee replacement surgery is, who it is suitable for, its advantages, how it is performed, and frequently asked questions about it.
Knee replacement surgery is typically recommended for patients who have not responded to non-surgical treatments, such as physical therapy, medication, or lifestyle changes.
Candidates for knee replacement may experience chronic knee pain, stiffness, and difficulty walking, standing, or performing everyday activities. Additionally, candidates may have a history of arthritis, injury, or other conditions that have caused significant damage to the knee joint.
Robotic knee replacement surgery can be performed on any patient who needs prosthetic surgery.
Knee replacement surgery typically takes several hours and involves several steps. First, the damaged parts of the knee joint are removed, including the cartilage and bone. Next, the artificial components are carefully implanted, including the femoral component, tibial component, and patellar component. Once the components are in place, the knee is carefully tested for stability and range of motion. Finally, the incision is closed, and the patient is moved to a recovery room.
Robotic knee replacement surgery is a surgical procedure where a robot assists the surgeon during prosthetic surgery. It helps the surgeon with the correct placement of the prosthesis at appropriate angles and avoiding mistakes in bone incisions. Contrary to popular belief, the surgeon performs the operation, not the robot. Before the operation, CT scans and special x-rays are loaded onto the robot, and a plan suitable for the patient’s anatomy is made.
The advantages of robotic knee replacement surgery are numerous. These include:
In robotic knee replacement surgery, preoperative CT scans and special x-rays are performed to examine the anatomical structure of the patient in 3D. These images are processed in a certain program and uploaded to the robot. The robot is covered with sterile covers during surgery to prevent infections. Two separate metallic implants are placed on the patient’s thigh and shinbone, allowing the robot to follow the position of the patient in space and the changes caused by the surgery. The robot is activated during bone cuts and loosening.
The price of robotic knee replacement surgery may vary depending on the hospital’s price policy and the doctor’s price policy.
However, thanks to advanced robotic knee replacement surgery, these risks can be significantly reduced.
Robotic knee replacement can be applied to any patient with knee replacement indications. However, the operation may take longer than normal knee replacement surgery, increasing the possible risks in patients with certain medical conditions or advanced age. Patients should consult with their doctor to see if they are suitable for robotic knee replacement surgery.
After surgery, patients should be very careful and follow the doctor’s recommendations to ensure a healthy and successful recovery. Here are some things to consider after surgery:
Medications: Patients should take the prescribed pain medications and antibiotics as directed by their doctor to manage pain and prevent infections.
Physical therapy: Physical therapy is an important part of the recovery process after robotic knee replacement surgery. Patients should follow the recommended exercise and therapy program to regain strength and mobility in the knee.
Wound care: Patients should keep the surgical wound clean and dry to prevent infections. It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions on how to care for the wound.
Rest and activity: Patients should get plenty of rest and avoid strenuous activities that can put stress on the knee. It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions on when it is safe to resume normal activities.
Follow-up appointments: Patients should attend all follow-up appointments with their doctor to monitor the healing process and ensure a successful recovery.
Robotic knee replacement surgery is generally safe, but as with any surgery, there are some risks involved. The risks of robotic knee replacement surgery include:
Infection: There is a risk of infection at the surgical site, which can be treated with antibiotics.
Blood clots: There is a risk of blood clots forming in the legs or lungs after surgery. Patients are given blood thinning medication to prevent this.
Nerve damage: There is a risk of nerve damage during surgery, which can cause numbness, weakness, or tingling in the leg.
Implant failure: There is a risk of implant failure, which may require revision surgery.
Anesthesia risks: There are risks associated with anesthesia, such as allergic reactions or breathing problems.
It is important for patients to discuss these risks with their doctor and weigh the potential benefits against the risks before deciding to undergo robotic knee replacement surgery.