The orthopedic surgeon will determine the appropriate treatment for you as a result of a detailed examination. Severe knee pain and restriction in activities of daily living are important indications for knee replacement surgery.
Non-operative treatments such as medication, injections and physical therapy may be recommended before surgery. If your symptoms doesn’t relief, it may be time to think about knee replacement surgery.
Before surgery decision, your doctor may encourage you to try non-operative treatments. But in some cases these treatments are not enough.
If the syptoms become worse and affect your life quality, surgery may be the best option. If knee replacement surgery is necessary, delaying or declining surgery for a long time could result negative outcomes.
Knee replacement is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or worn-out knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. This can help alleviate pain, improve mobility, and restore function to the knee joint.
Knee replacement surgery usually takes around 1-2 hours, depending on the complexity of the procedure and the patient’s individual circumstances.
Total knee replacement surgery is a major operation, and as with any surgery, there is some pain involved. However, most patients are able to manage their pain effectively with pain medications and other treatments.
After knee replacement surgery, you should avoid certain activities such as high-impact sports, running, jumping, or lifting heavy weights. You should also avoid twisting, bending, or pivoting your knee excessively. Follow your surgeon’s instructions carefully to avoid any complications.
Recovery from knee replacement surgery can take several months, and the timeline can vary depending on factors such as the patient’s age, overall health, and the extent of the surgery. In general, most patients are able to resume normal activities within 3-6 months after surgery.
The timing of when you can drive after knee replacement surgery can vary depending on a number of factors such as the extent of the surgery, the type of vehicle you will be driving, and any pain or mobility limitations you may have. It is important to check with your surgeon and physical therapist to determine when it is safe for you to drive again.
The lifespan of a knee replacement varies depending on factors such as the patient’s age, activity level, weight, and overall health. On average, a knee replacement can last for 15-20 years or more.
Pain after knee replacement surgery is normal, and can be caused by a variety of factors such as swelling, inflammation, and tissue damage. However, if the pain is severe or persistent, it may indicate a complication such as infection or implant failure, and you should contact your surgeon immediately.
Nerve pain after knee replacement surgery is common, but there are several treatments that can help manage it. Your surgeon may prescribe pain medications or refer you to a pain specialist. Physical therapy and nerve blocks are also effective treatments.
The most common types of brain injuries are concussions, which are caused by a blow to the head or a sudden acceleration or deceleration of the head, and traumatic brain injuries, which are typically caused by a more severe blow or jolt to the head.
The symptoms of a brain injury can vary depending on the severity and location of the injury, but some common symptoms include headaches, dizziness, and confusion.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a type of brain injury that is caused by a blow or jolt to the head, or by a penetrating injury such as a gunshot wound. TBIs can range in severity from mild to severe and can result in a range of symptoms, including headaches, dizziness, confusion, memory problems, and changes in mood or behavior.
After a brain injury, a person may experience a range of symptoms, including physical, cognitive, and emotional changes. These can include difficulties with movement and coordination, memory problems, changes in mood or behavior, and difficulties with speech or language.
The extent to which a brain injury can heal depends on the severity and location of the injury. Some brain injuries can heal on their own with time and rest, while others may require more intensive medical treatment such as medication, surgery and rehabilitation.
The duration of a brain injury can vary depending on the severity and location of the injury, as well as the individual’s age, overall health, and other factors. Some brain injuries may only last for a few days or weeks, while others may result in long-term or even permanent disability.
Recovery from a brain injury can be a slow and complex process, and the extent of recovery can vary depending on the severity and location of the injury. However, many people do make significant progress with rehabilitation and support.
Comprehensive physical therapy and robotic rehabilitation started in the early period increase the chance of recovery.
If you suspect that you may have a brain injury, it’s important to seek medical attention right away. Symptoms of brain damage can include headache, nausea or vomiting, dizziness, confusion, difficulty concentrating, and changes in mood or behavior.
Brain damage can be permanent, depending on the severity and location of the injury. However, many people are able to make significant progress in their recovery with rehabilitation and support.
Anoxic brain injury occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen, often as a result of a medical emergency such as a heart attack or stroke. This can result in damage to the brain cells and can lead to a range of symptoms, including difficulties with movement, memory, and cognition.
Hip replacement surgery is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or worn-out hip joint is replaced with an artificial joint or prosthesis. The goal of the surgery is to relieve pain and improve mobility.
The common symptoms of hip problems include pain in the hip, groin or thigh area, stiffness, difficulty in walking or climbing stairs, and reduced range of motion. A doctor may recommend a hip replacement surgery if these symptoms are severe and interfere with daily activities.
The actual surgery typically takes around 1-2 hours. However, the overall duration of the procedure can vary depending on various factors such as the complexity of the surgery, the surgeon’s experience, and the patient’s health condition.
There are various methods of hip replacement surgery, and the choice of method depends on several factors such as the patient’s age, health condition, and the severity of the hip problem. The most common methods include traditional hip replacement, minimally invasive hip replacement, and robotic-assisted hip replacement.
Hip replacement surgery is usually performed under anesthesia, so patients do not experience pain during the surgery. However, some patients may experience pain and discomfort after the surgery, which can be managed with pain medications and physical therapy.
Pain levels can vary after hip replacement surgery, but most patients experience mild to moderate pain for several weeks after the surgery. Pain can be managed with pain medications and physical therapy, and it typically subsides over time. It is important to report any severe or sudden increase in pain to your doctor.
Patients usually stand up and walk on the first day after surgery, accompanied by a physiotherapist or a nurse. Patients may be asked to use assistive devices called walker while walking. Most people use a walking aid for about 6 weeks after surgery.
A physiotherapist will teach you stair climbing before you discharged the hospital. At home, as long as you feel safe, it is recommended to stairs once or twice a day.
On average, patients stay in the hospital for 5 days after surgery. This durations may changes depend on patient general condition.
After hip replacement surgery, patients are advised to avoid certain activities such as high-impact sports, heavy lifting, and sudden movements. Additionally, patients should avoid sitting cross-legged and twisting their operated leg. Follow your surgeon’s instructions carefully to avoid any complications.
The recovery time for hip replacement surgery can vary depending on the individual’s health condition and the type of procedure performed. However, most patients can resume normal activities within 6-12 weeks after surgery.
A hip replacement surgery typically lasts for around 20-30 years. However, the lifespan of the implant depends on several factors such as age, activity level, overall health, and the type of implant used.
A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), is a medical emergency that occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted, either by a blocked or burst blood vessel. This interruption can cause brain cells to die or be damaged, leading to a range of physical and cognitive symptoms.
There are several factors that can cause a stroke, including high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol, obesity, diabetes, atrial fibrillation (an irregular heart rhythm), and a family history of stroke.
The signs and symptoms of a stroke can vary depending on the location and severity of the brain damage, but common symptoms include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, trouble speaking or understanding speech, vision problems, dizziness, and severe headache. If you suspect you or someone else is having a stroke, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately.
To prevent a stroke, it’s important to adopt a healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise, a balanced diet, not smoking, limiting alcohol intake, managing chronic conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes, and taking medication as prescribed by your doctor.
The signs of a stroke are often referred to by the acronym FAST, which stands for Face drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, and Time to call medical emergency. Other signs may include sudden confusion, difficulty walking, loss of balance, severe headache, and vision problems.
A stroke can feel different for everyone, but common descriptions include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, severe headache, and vision problems.
The symptoms of a stroke can include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, vision problems, severe headache, dizziness, and loss of balance or coordination.
Yes, stroke can be treated, but it is important to note that the success of treatment largely depends on how quickly the person receives medical attention after the stroke occurs. Stroke is a medical emergency, and immediate treatment can help minimize damage to the brain and prevent long-term disability or even death.
The treatment options for stroke may include medication, surgery, or a combination of both, depending on the type and severity of the stroke. Medications like clot-busting drugs (thrombolytics) can be given to dissolve blood clots that are causing the stroke. Surgical procedures like thrombectomy can be done to remove the clot from the blood vessel.
There are several types of rehabilitation that are available for stroke victims, depending on the specific needs and goals of the patient. These may include:
Physical therapy: This type of therapy focuses on helping the patient improve their physical abilities, such as balance, strength, coordination, and range of motion. Physical therapists may use exercises, stretches, and other techniques to help the patient regain their mobility and function.
Occupational therapy: This type of therapy helps the patient re-learn the skills needed for daily living, such as dressing, cooking, and bathing. Occupational therapists may work with the patient to adapt their environment or develop strategies to compensate for any physical limitations.
Speech therapy: This type of therapy helps the patient improve their communication skills, including speech, language, and cognitive abilities. Speech therapists may use exercises, communication devices, and other techniques to help the patient regain their ability to communicate effectively.
Cognitive therapy: This type of therapy focuses on helping the patient improve their cognitive abilities, such as memory, attention, and problem-solving. Cognitive therapists may use exercises and strategies to help the patient regain their cognitive function.
Emotional support: Stroke victims may also benefit from emotional support and counseling to help them cope with the emotional impact of their stroke, including depression, anxiety, and stress.
Rehabilitation after stroke is often tailored to the individual needs of the patient, and the specific types of therapy recommended may vary depending on the severity and location of the stroke. The goal of rehabilitation is to help the patient regain as much independence and quality of life as possible.
Yes, robot-assisted therapy has been shown to be effective in stroke treatment. Robot-assisted therapy involves the use of robotic devices to assist patients in their rehabilitation exercises, allowing them to practice repetitive movements and improve their motor function.
Studies have shown that robot-assisted therapy can improve the speed and accuracy of movements, reduce muscle spasticity, and improve overall motor function in stroke patients. Additionally, robot-assisted therapy can provide objective measurements of progress, which can be useful for setting goals and tracking progress over time.
There are several types of robotic physical therapy devices that are commonly used in stroke rehabilitation, including:
Hand arm robot,
Anti Gravity treadmill and
Computerized balance systems